This paper seeks to describe the biological factors that influence the formation of personality. It will also examine the basic aspects of humanistic theory that are incompatible with biological explanations of personality.
Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. It will also focus on the humanistic and biological approaches to personality. This theory was first introduced in the book Personality and Motivation which was published inand written by Maslow.
The basis of this hierarchy is that each person must be motivated when it comes to fulfilling their basic needs first before they are at all able to move on to the level of needs that will come next. The bottom part of his pyramid of needs covered our most basic of needs such as food and water, and the needs that are considered harder to reach are put on the top.
Throughout the progression of the pyramid a person will become my socially and psychologically invested in the needs they are trying to meet. Both Maslow and Rogers believed and put emphasis on what is known as self-actualization. Maslow based his way of reaching this on five levels of needs.
The first level is where the basic needs or the physiological needs. This includes the needs that we have for survival such as food, water, and shelter.
It was the belief of Maslow that these were the most important of the needs and therefore once the needs were met all other needs could be reached, but not until this needs were met. On the second level we find needs that are called security needs which are considered important for our survival as well.
Some good examples of these types of needs would be stable shelter, gainful employment, and health insurance. Level three focuses on the social needs of a person. Needs such as wanting to belong, of affection, and the need of love all fall into this category.
These needs while important are not as important as the ones discussed and therefore have been put on the third tier of the hierarchy. According to CherryMaslow believed that the void for acceptance and companionship was filled through the relationships that were formed in this tier.
This level includes, social recognition, self-worth, accomplishments, and of course self esteem. The fifth and final level is where self actualization is met, and is placed on the top of the hierarchy because it is the hardest to fulfill.
People who have reached this category do not care what other think, they are considered self-aware, and personal growth is of great concern to them Cherry, In his view the positive aspects such as love, laughter, and happiness should be the concentration because each of these exists within humans and then resilience, growth, and achievement could be emphasized.
He disagreed that the big five were the most important personality traits, and argued that it was actual the hierarchy to reach that level of self actualization that was most important.
He further believed in what he calls peak experiences, these were moments of rarity that caused rapture due to the experience of some sort of beauty or through reaching excellence.
Rogers Rogers like Maslow used the ideas of Albert Einstein when it came to creating his theory of self actualization. In his thoughts the road to fulfillment was just as important as actually becoming fulfilled, and that each of these was define by the experiences they had.
Through his use of patients who were already seeking therapy, he was able to concentrate more on the functioning of the individual rather than the dysfunction of the individual itself.
Unconditional positive regard is something that was coined by Rogers to describe support or love that is given from one person to another with no strings attached so to speak.
Biological and Humanistic Approaches The approaches of humanistic and biological are just two of the many different approaches in the world of psychology. A few of the others are trait, cognitive, and psychoanalytic approaches, each offers a different view when it comes to the personality of humans.
They each focus how we obtain our personalities and what it is that will affect said personalities. Our personalities will also affect how well the treatment chosen will work on said patient.
The belief is centered on the thought that we have a certain foundation for our personalities and that this is present from the day that we are born and it directly stems from the personality of our parents.
It all boils down to the belief that through learned behavior we obtain the personalities that we have.Different Approaches to Personality Essay Different Approaches to Personality Brian (Last Name) June 21, Barbara Hausen Different Approaches to Personality I will discuss both the biological and humanistic approach.
By studying these two approaches, one can identify one's personality and whether it favors the biological approach or the humanistic approach.
The biological approach to personality is that all traits can be subsumed within three personality dimensions.5/5(3). Biological and Humanistic Approaches to Personality Valerye Rogers PSY/ Psychology of Personality Michael Moore, Instructor February 21, Biological and Humanistic Approaches to Personality In the following, the author will discuss and analyze .
Iological and Humanistic Approaches to Personality Biological and Humanistic Approaches to Personality Write a 1,to 1,word paper analyzing the biological and humanistic approaches to personality. Your paper should cover the following areas. Use Maslows hierarchy of needs to discuss the extent to which growth needs influence personality formation.
Biological and Humanistic Approaches to Personality Valerye Rogers PSY/ Psychology of Personality Michael Moore, Instructor February 21, Biological and Humanistic Approaches to Personality In the following, the author will discuss and analyze the biological and humanistic approaches to personality.
Maslow’s hierarchy of needs will be. To begin assessing personality theories, there are five personality theories to consider.
The five theories of approaches to personality are as follows, Psychodynamic, Trait, Learning, Biological and .