The prime ministers of five members at the Commonwealth Prime Ministers' Conference. A specific proposal was presented by Jan Smuts in when he coined the term "the British Commonwealth of Nations" and envisioned the "future constitutional relations and readjustments in essence" at the Paris Peace Conference of by delegates from the Dominions as well as Britain. Newfoundland never did, as on 16 Februarywith the consent of its parliament, the government of Newfoundland voluntarily ended and governance reverted to direct control from London. Newfoundland later joined Canada as its 10th province in
AthensGreece, The inaugural Games of the modern Olympics were attended by as many as athletes, all male, coming from 12 countries. The athletes competed in 43 events covering athletics track and fieldcycling, swimming, gymnasticsweightlifting, wrestlingfencing, shooting, and tennis.
A festive atmosphere prevailed as foreign athletes were greeted with parades and banquets. A crowd estimated at more than 60, attended the opening day of competition. Members of the royal family of Greece played an important role in the organization and management of the Games and were regular spectators over the 10 days of the Olympics.
Hungary sent the only national team; most of the foreign athletes were well-to-do college students or members of athletic clubs attracted by the novelty of the Olympics.
The track-and-field events were held at the Panathenaic Stadium. The stadium, originally built in bce, had been excavated but not rebuilt for the Greek Olympics and lay in disrepair before the Olympics, but through the direction and financial aid of Georgios Averoff, a wealthy Egyptian Greek, it was restored with white marble.
The ancient track had an unusually elongated shape with such sharp turns that runners were forced to slow down considerably in order to stay in their lanes. The track-and-field competition was dominated by athletes from the United States, who won 9 of the 12 events.
The swimming events were held in the cold currents of the Bay of Zea. Paul Masson of France won three of the Commonwealth games success or disaster cycling events. The Olympics featured the first marathon.
The race became the highlight of the Games and was won by Spyridon Louisa Greek whose victory earned him the lasting admiration of his nation. ParisFrance, The second modern Olympic competition was relegated to a sideshow of the World Exhibition, which was being held in Paris in the summer of The Games suffered from poor organization and marketing, with events conducted over a period of five months in venues that often were inadequate.
The track-and-field events were held on a grass field that was uneven and often wet. Broken telephone poles were used to make hurdles, and hammer throwers occasionally found their efforts stuck in a tree. The swimming events were contested in the Seine Riverwhose strong current carried athletes to unrealistically fast times.
There was such confusion about schedules that few spectators or journalists were present at the events. Officials and athletes often were unaware that they were participating in the Olympics. Nevertheless, the Games were attended by nearly 1, athletes representing 24 countries.
There was an infusion of new events, some of which were not officially part of the Olympic program or were later discontinued e. Archery, football soccerrowing, and equestrian events were among those introduced at the Games.
Despite the problems of the Paris Games, the quality of athletic performance improved. Athletes from the United States, led by jumper Ray Ewry and sprinter Alvin Kraenzleinagain dominated the track-and-field competition. American athletes won 17 of the 23 track-and-field events, while French athletes earned more than medals, by far the most for any nation at the Games.
LouisMissouri, U. The Games originally were scheduled for Chicago, but the location was changed to St. Louis when Olympic organizing committee officials decided to combine the Olympics with the Louisiana Purchase Exhibition, a large fair celebrating the th anniversary of the U.
As a result, the Games suffered. The Games were poorly attended by both spectators and athletes. The remoteness of St.
Of the approximately competitors representing 12 countries, fewer than were from outside the United Statesand about half of those were from Canada. Even the Olympic founder, the baron de Coubertin, stayed away in The overall results were predictably lopsided, with Americans earning more than three-fourths of the 95 gold medals and more than medals in all.
The track-and-field events, held on the campus of Washington Universityfeatured Ray Ewrywho repeated his Paris performance by winning gold medals in all three standing-jump events. Thomas Kiely of Ireland, who paid his own fare to the Games rather than compete under the British flag, won the gold medal in an early version of the decathlon.
Kiely and his competitors performed the yard sprint, shot puthigh jumpyard walk, hammer throwpole vaultyard hurdles, pound weight throwlong jumpand mile run, all in a single day.
The swimming events took place in an artificial lake on the fairgrounds. Boxing made its Olympic debut in Athens, Greece, When Athens served as host of its second International Olympic Games, inmore events were held and more countries participated than in the first three modern Games.
With better athletes and more of them, the competition was fierce and entertaining, resulting in the most satisfying Olympics to date.The success of the Delhi Games will determine what attention will be paid to the future Commonwealth Games. What's the future of the Commonwealth Games?
The success of the Delhi Games will determine what attention will be paid to the future Commonwealth Games. the biggest threat could come from a major disaster or threat of violence. A. Olympic Games - History of the modern Summer Games: The inaugural Games of the modern Olympics were attended by as many as athletes, all male, coming from 12 countries.
The athletes competed in 43 events covering athletics (track and field), cycling, swimming, gymnastics, weightlifting, wrestling, fencing, shooting, and tennis.
A festive atmosphere prevailed as foreign athletes were. Amidst the euphoria surrounding the success of wrestlers and shooters, the bronze in Sepaktakraw may not have made the headlines but it is a life changing moment for players like Harish.
As an in-form Sharath Kamal heads to the Asian Games in a few days' time, he has the best chance of winning his and country's first medal at the Asiad. Commonwealth Games: Cycling boss takes blame for disqualification disaster Author NZ Herald, Section Gold Coast Clyde Lewis can call himself a Commonwealth Games champion after a last-minute call up to the men's m medley, in a race that exacted one hell of a toll on his body.