The new updates make WPP more closely aligned to classroom instruction, current standards, and enable teachers and students to have more flexibility within the program.
Each element should be followed by the punctuation mark shown here. Earlier editions of the handbook included the place of publication and required different punctuation such as journal editions in parentheses and colons after issue numbers.
In the current version, punctuation is simpler only commas and periods separate the elementsand information about the source is kept to the basics. End this element with a period. Depending upon the type of source, it should be listed in italics or quotation marks. A book should be in italics: A website should be in italics: A song or piece of music on an album should be in quotation marks: Title of container Unlike earlier versions, the eighth edition refers to "containers," which are the larger wholes in which the source is located.
For example, if you want to cite a poem that is listed in a collection of poems, the individual poem is the source, while the larger collection is the container. The title of the container is usually italicized and followed by a comma, since the information that follows next describes the container.
The container may also be a television series, which is made up of episodes. The container may also be a website, which contains articles, postings, and other works. Interview by Gareth Von Kallenbach. In some cases, a container might be within a larger container.
You might have read a book of short stories on Google Books, or watched a television series on Netflix. It is important to cite these containers within containers so that your readers can find the exact source that you used.
Accessed 27 May Other contributors In addition to the author, there may be other contributors to the source who should be credited, such as editors, illustrators, translators, etc.
If their contributions are relevant to your research, or necessary to identify the source, include their names in your documentation.
In the eighth edition, terms like editor, illustrator, translator, etc. A History of Insanity in the Age of Reason. Annotated and with an introduction by Vara Neverow, Harcourt, Inc.
Version If a source is listed as an edition or version of a work, include it in your citation. Crowley, Sharon, and Debra Hawhee. Ancient Rhetorics for Contemporary Students. Number If a source is part of a numbered sequence, such as a multi-volume book, or journal with both volume and issue numbers, those numbers must be listed in your citation.
Current Conditions and Future Directions. The International Online-Only Journal, vol. Accessed 20 May Publisher The publisher produces or distributes the source to the public. Museum of Modern Art, New York. Problems of the Digestive System. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, Daniels, Greg and Michael Schur, creators.
Publication date The same source may have been published on more than one date, such as an online version of an original source. For example, a television series might have aired on a broadcast network on one date, but released on Netflix on a different date.
When the source has more than one date, it is sufficient to use the date that is most relevant to your use of it. This is the way to create a general citation for a television episode.
However, if you are discussing, for example, the historical context in which the episode originally aired, you should cite the full date. An essay in a book, or an article in journal should include page numbers. The location of an online work should include a URL.
A physical object that you experienced firsthand should identify the place of location. Optional elements The eighth edition is designed to be as streamlined as possible. The author should include any information that helps readers easily identify the source, without including unnecessary information that may be distracting.Controlling for previous writing ability, the group that used the rubrics for self-assessment wrote better overall, and specifically in the areas of ideas, organization, voice, and word choice.
There were no differences between the groups in the areas of sentences and conventions, presumably areas of much previous drill for all young writers.
Reflective Journal Writing as an Alternative Assessment Nicole Williams Beery Middle School- Columbus Public Schools Keywords Reflective journal writing, alternative assessment, general music classroom, early adolescence. External links.
This list may be used as an assessment tool when conferencing with students about their math work Click "HERE". External links. American Federation of Teachers. Where We Stand: Standards-Based Assessment and Accountability "How the WASL is Awful", publication distributed by Citizens United for Responsible Education, Washington State. This entry was posted in Ollie's leslutinsduphoenix.com inside on February 11, by oliverlovelltas. Post navigation ← TOT 5 principles all teachers should know, paying students, + more Twitter Takeaways TOT Learning from failures, the space beween novice and expert, + more Twitter Takeaways →.
American Federation of Teachers. Where We Stand: Standards-Based Assessment and Accountability "How the WASL is Awful", publication distributed by Citizens United for Responsible Education, Washington State.
Rubrics provide a useful means to assess quickly a student's writing and to reiterate consistently the criteria expected of him or her. Rubrics are an assessment instrument laid out in a grid format.
The core of the 6+1 Trait® Writing Model of Instruction & Assessment is the set of rubrics that specify how to assess the quality of student writing and tailor instruction to students’ needs.
In September , Education Northwest is releasing newly refined rubrics that respond to feedback from the field and new developments in standards and assessments across the country. (scroll down for information on ELL testing accommodations) The New York State Identification Test for English Language Learners (NYSITELL) The New York State Identification Test for English Language Learners (NYSITELL) is the only assessment instrument in New York State for measuring the English language proficiency of a .