India got freedom on 15th August Many unknown heroes risked their lives so that all of us may breathe in freedom. Achieving independence was a tremendous task. After the building of the country began in right earnest.
He had reached Kozhikode Calicut, Kerala in After this, many Europeans started coming to India for trading. They made their offices and forts in various parts of India. This battle became famous as the Battle of Plassey. That was the beginning of British rule, known as the British Rajin India. Inthe Battle of Buxar was won by the English forces.
After this, the British got control over Bengal, Bihar and Orissa. Many such of the revolts and armed struggles had taken place in this Some examples include: A revolt in took place in Goa against the rule of Portugal. The histo call this revolt as the Conspiracy of the Pintos.
A rebellion by tribes of Jharkhand in India. Historians had used the terms like the Indian Mutiny or the Sepoy Mutiny to describe this event. The rebellion by Indian troops of the British Raj started in May and continued until December Many reasons had combined to result in this rebellion.
The British rulers continued to forcibly take regions ruled by Indians and made these regions part of the British Raj.
They did not give any respect to old royal houses of India like the Mughals and the Peshwa.
They also made the Indian soldiers of their army use a special type of cartridge. The soldiers had to open the cartridges with their teeth before loading them into their guns. The cartridges supposedly used cow and pig fat. For Hindus the cow is a sacred animal and they do not eat beef. For the Muslims they do not eat pork.
Thus, the use of these cartridges made soldiers of both the religions turn against the British. Although the British tried to replace the cartridges, the feelings against them stayed. Rebellion broke out when a soldier called Mangal Pandey attacked a British sergeant and wounded an adjutant.
General Hearsey ordered another Indian soldier to arrest Mangal Pandey but he refused. Later the British arrested Mangal Pandey and the other Indian soldier.
The British killed both by hanging them. At the beginning the British were slow to respond. Then they took very quick action with heavy forces. They brought their regiments from the Crimean War to India. They also redirected many regiments that were going to China from India. The British forces reached Delhi, and they surrounded the city from 1st July until 31st August Street-to-street fights broke out between the British troops and the Indians.
Ultimately, they took control of Delhi. The last important battle was at Gwalior in June in which the Rani of Jhansi was killed. With this, the British had practically suppressed the rebellion.
However, some guerrilla fighting in many places continued until early in and Tantia Tope was captured and executed until April The United Kingdom started ruling India directly through its representative called the Viceroy of India. It made India a part of the British Empire. InQueen Victoria took the title of Empress of India.
The Mughal dynasty, which had ruled India for about four hundred years, ended with his death. The British also took many steps to employ Indian higher castes and rulers into the government.
They stopped taking the lands of the remaining princes and rulers of India. They stopped interference in religious matters. They started employing Indians in the civil services but at lower levels.Indian Writers – poets, novelists, essayists, and dramatists have been making momentous and considerable contributions to world literature since pre – Independence era, the past few years have witnessed a gigantic prospering and thriving of Indian English Writing in the global market.
The post-Independence period in the history of Indian English poetry is generally equated with the modern period.
As explained in the foregoing section of this introduction, not all the poets of this period fit into the group which can be considered as ‘modern’ in the sense in which the term.
After Independence, India became a nation state, and it was intended that English would gradually be phased out as the language of administration. But there was no . THE ORIGIN AND DEVELOPMENT OF INDIAN ENGLISH FICTION M.K. Naik in his book A History of Indian English Literature defines Indian English literature as literature written originally in English by authors Indian by birth, ancestry or nationality.
During the initial years of Indian English writing, the. Indian English literature (IEL) is the body of work by writers in India who write in the English language and whose native or co-native language could be one of the numerous languages of leslutinsduphoenix.com early history began with the works of Michael Madhusudan Dutt followed by R.
K. Narayan, Mulk Raj Anand and Raja Rao who contributed to Indian fiction in the s. The Online Writing Lab (OWL) at Purdue University houses writing resources and instructional material, and we provide these as a free service of the Writing Lab at Purdue.