Overview[ edit ] The foundation of public policy is composed of national constitutional laws and regulations. Further substrates include both judicial interpretations and regulations which are generally authorized by legislation. Public policy is considered strong when it solves problems efficiently and effectively, serves and supports governmental institutions and policies, and encourages active citizenship.
BlockedUnblock FollowFollowing Archit Puri is a Programme Associate at the Takshashila Institution was the founder of an award-winning skill development social venture. Aug 26, Policy Making in India: It may be thus worthwhile to talk about these individuals who commit acts of valour on an everyday basis.
The Government of India with its civil services machinery has a monopoly over policy decisions making and implementation in the country. The origin of the Indian Civil Services can be traced back to the British era where these services formed as they still do the backbone of the public administration in the country.
There are 50, civil servants in India, selected through one of the toughest entrance examinations in Public policy making in india world. Various government-affiliated policy making institutions such as the Reserve Bank of India conduct independent examinations for their job candidates.
In —16 as many asparticipants decided to take the Civil Services Examination and only came out successful. The accepted candidates undergo a two-year training, during which they take professional course and travel to remote parts of the country. The civil services are also fragmented into subgroups according to the functions, the most prestigious of these is the Indian Administrative Services IAS.
Milan Vaishnav and Saksham Khosla of Carnegie India present some valuable findings about the Indian Administrative services in a recently published research paper. They find that officers serving in their home-state usually provide better quality of service delivery.
Local accountability systems such as media scrutiny greatly reduce the instances of corruption. Political involvement though is a major impediment.
Thus, for most officers good governance takes a backseat over political backscratching. They also point out that for young IAS officers education and exam scores are highly correlated to future success.
Despite the low acceptance rates in the selection examinations India has only a fifth as many public servants as United States, relative to population. Overall, government policy making institutions often to tend to become risk-averse due to their political masters. They are plagued with bureaucratic inefficiencies and lack of specialisation.
Enter think tanks, which try to fill these vacuums in the public policy space. Think tanks are privately funded not-for profit institutions which generate ideas and debate on nitty-gritties of public policy. In addition to strong research skills and a grip on issues concerning the country as well s the world, professionals working in think tanks possess communication and influencing abilities to engage with either policymakers in government for policy advocacy or the broader public through opinion pieces in print media or online media.
Think tanks hire individuals from a broad variety of fields such as but not limited to economics — for knowledge about incentives, cost and market interactions; lawyers for their constitutional knowledge, engineers-for their analytical and data crunching prowess and political scientists for their understanding of political activities and societal behaviour.
Think tanks also hire domain experts to solve problems related to a particular field such as healthcare, education or transportation. Job candidates at think tanks with masters degrees usually start off as associates or analysts and the ones who have earned a PhD get the title of a fellow.
There are also few government-funded think tanks such as the Niti Aayog which hire civil servants and academics. Although India is fourth in the list of countries having the highest number of think tanksthe job market in the public policy arena still remains thin, which means that the number of participants in the market is significantly low compared to job markets in other space.
The reasons for this on the demand side could be the limited hiring capacities of think tanks due to low funding, and on the supply side due to more financially rewarding jobs in finance and technology for potential job candidates. Thin labour markets, due to low volume of participants result in asymmetric information being available to market participants thus leading to higher search costs for both finding a job and on the other side to find an prospective candidates for the job.
Price volatility which here would amount to high degree of variance in salaries is also symptomatic of thin markets. An NBER pape r by Li Gan and Qi Lia confirms this by concluding that a field of specialisation with less job openings and less candidates has a lower probability of matching openings with candidates.
Despite these sombre findings, the future seems quite promising. The labour market in this space is likely to become thick primarily due to two factors. First, technology companies such as Uber and Google which are constantly disrupting markets and creating new business models which are beyond the comprehension of government policy makers.
These organisations are hiring policy and legal experts to engage with the governments for tweaking policies that will ensure smooth functioning of their operations.
Second, the Indian government is already reaching out to think tanks due to their nuanced research capabilities. Funding is also becoming less of an issue with think tanks tapping into Indian corporates and foreign donors. Finally, in a positive move aimed at bringing domain expertise to policy making, the government has decided to open its doors for private sector specialists in select departments, at the level of director and joint secretary.
Policy professionals, both outside and inside the government need to synergise for India to fill its structural loopholes and realise its complete economic potential.Research on public policy making in India has grown in importance over the years.
Though studies on public policy making have been the concern of researchers a through there is a renewed concern on studying different aspects of policy making n the present context Much of the research and publication.
Article shared by. Here is an essay on ‘Policy-Making in India’ for class 9, 10, 11 and Find paragraphs, long and short essays on ‘Policy-Making in India’ especially written for school and college students.
Research on public policy making in India has grown in importance over the years. Though studies on public policy making have been the concern of researchers a through there is a renewed concern on studying different aspects of policy making n the present context Much of the research and publication.
Policy-making in India: Judiciary Vs Parliament Public policy and policy-making in India In any society, governmental entities enact laws, make policies, and allocate resources. Public policy can be generally defined as a system of laws, regulatory measures, courses of .
Public policy making is a continuous process that has many feedback loops. Verification and program evaluation are essential to the functioning of this system.
The public problems that influence public policy making can be of economic, social, or political nature. Book Description Public Policymaking in India integrates various elements of the policymaking process that have, till date, been dealt with separately.
These include interest group politics, the role of the media, judicial policymaking, and policy entrepreneurship by civil society groups.