The battle at cold harbor

Union soldiers were disturbed to discover skeletal remains from the first battle while entrenching.

The battle at cold harbor

The battle at cold harbor

Union soldiers were disturbed to discover skeletal remains from the first battle while entrenching. Cold Harbor was not a port city, despite its name. Rather, it described two rural crossroads named for the Cold Harbor Tavern owned by the Isaac Burnett family which provided shelter harbor but not hot meals.

From these crossroads, the Union army was positioned to receive reinforcements sailing up the Pamunkey Riverand could attack either the Confederate capital or its Army of Northern Virginia.

Lee sent a cavalry division under Maj. Fitzhugh Lee to reinforce Brig. Matthew Butler and secure the crossroads at Old Cold Harbor.

Cold Harbor Casualties

Torbert increased pressure on the Confederates, Robert E. The lead brigade of Hoke's division also reached the crossroads to join Butler and Fitzhugh Lee.

Torbert and elements of Brig. Gregg 's cavalry division drove the Confederates from the Old Cold Harbor crossroads and began to dig in. As more of Hoke's and Anderson's men streamed in, Union cavalry commander Maj.

Philip Sheridan became concerned and ordered Torbert to pull back toward Old Church. And he ordered Sheridan to return to the crossroads and secure it "at all hazards. Lee's plan for June 1 was to use his newly concentrated infantry against the small cavalry forces at Old Cold Harbor.

But his subordinates did not coordinate correctly. Anderson did not integrate Hoke's division with his attack plan and left him with the understanding that he was not to assault until the First Corps' attack was well underway, because the Union defenders were disorganized as well.

Kershawwhich was now under a less experienced South Carolina politician, Col. Keitt's men approached the entrenched cavalry of Brig. Armed with seven-shot Spencer repeating carbinesMerritt's men delivered heavy fire, mortally wounding Keitt and destroying his brigade's cohesion.

Hoke obeyed what he understood to be his orders and did not join in the attack, which was quickly called back by Anderson. Wright's lead elements arrived at the crossroads and began to extend and improve the entrenchments started by the cavalrymen. Although Grant had intended for Wright to attack immediately, his men were exhausted from their long march and they were unsure as to the strength of the enemy.

The Union cavalrymen retired to the east. It is very desirable you should join this attack, unless in your judgment it is impracticable. Lockwoodwhich began to march at 6 p.

The Battle of Cold Harbor

Meade was also concerned about his left flank, which was not anchored on the Chickahominy and was potentially threatened by Fitzhugh Lee's cavalry.Description: On May 31, Sheridan’s cavalry seized the vital crossroads of Old Cold Harbor.

Early on June 1, relying heavily on their new repeating carbines and shallow entrenchments, Sheridan’s troopers threw back an attack by Confederate infantry. Description: On May 31, Sheridan’s cavalry seized the vital crossroads of Old Cold Harbor. Early on June 1, relying heavily on their new repeating carbines and shallow entrenchments, Sheridan’s troopers threw back an attack by Confederate infantry.

Second Battle of Cold Harbor: May June 12, The battles of Cold Harbor were two American Civil War () engagements that took place about 10 miles northeast of Richmond, Virginia, the Confederate capital. Battle of Cold Harbor, (May 31–June 12, ), disastrous defeat for the Union Army during the American Civil War (–65) that caused some 18, casualties.

The Battle of Cold Harbor was a Confederate victory in June Over 15, combined casualties fell during the nearly two-week fight. It was the last major battle of Ulysses S. Grant's Overland. Jan 12,  · Watch video · The battles of Cold Harbor were two American Civil War () engagements that took place about 10 miles northeast of Richmond, Virginia, the Confederate capital.

The First Battle of Cold.

Battles of Cold Harbor - HISTORY