The signs of alcoholism and alcohol abuse are as very similar and are often just a question of degree or intensity. Some sign and symptoms of alcoholism as well as alcoholic abuse include, drinking alone, not being able to limit how much alcohol consumed, dropping hobbies and activities of the person used to enjoy; losing interest in them, feeling an urge to drink, having relationship problems with the law, having money problems, and requiring a large quantity of alcohol to feel its effect videbeck,
Data analysis and results ………………………………………………………………… 29 Project Management ………………………………………………………………………… 56 References ………………………………………………………………………………………. Stress is most undermined syndrome in our society that is neglected since the element of mental health associated with it.
Internationally there is a meaningful work and research conducted on the issue but there were no break through research available domestically. Mental health is actually the parameter for improved or enhanced performance in every society.
We further refine the research by studying the effects on Master students and make it a gender base study which will help us to differentiate between the effects and innate intuition of managing with stress in male and female students. These stressors include, Health Factors and Social Factors.
We are taking the Intellectual Abilities and Academic performance to be the dependent variable where as stress is regarded to be an independent variable.
The type of research is Quantitative whereas is the number of participants and our sample size that is to be included in the research.
Research will be conducted and based on the Master students in National University Lahore campus while the study will be carried out on gender bases and the results will further be compared for understanding of any difference or similarity between the effects of stress on different genders.
Our literature review will base academic performance, intellectual abilities, Stress, two identified stressors and each dissected to an extent, and the impact of stress in academic elaboration in both genders. Some of the researchers found that previous academic performance is also a factor affecting current academics of students.
As found by a research, performance of students in higher education level depends on the undergraduate level of studies Minnesota; Also found in another study, past educational performances of students is considered to be an important indicator in finding the future achievements of them, as said that better the previous academic performance; the better will be in the upcoming endeavors Durden and Ellis; Staffolani and Bratti; Researches also indicated that employment is also one of the factors that effects academic achievement of students.
They resulted that it affects negatively on its performance as the more the number of hours they work, they more they are distracted from academics.
According to other researchers, it is not about doing the job which creates the problem in managing the work load of studies. Research have been conduct in order to review the relationship among stress and academic performance of students and it has been found that stress affects the academic performances of students in great manner Elliot et al.
Students complained about the stress they feel while giving their exams or any competition regarding grades or in any case when they have so much to study and less time to do it.
One study reported that stress among undergraduate business students is a notably important factor which is interrelated with poor performance Bennett, It is also found, that confidence level of students in themselves in terms of academics and their managerial abilities as how they manage their academic work load affects their academic performance achievement Richardson, ; Yip, Students who are coming to colleges and universities for only professional outcomes meaning to get the job, and earn good money will have totally different thinking and approaches inside the classes and during their studies because they will be attending it for their personal knowledge enhancement.
A study examined a significant correlation of academic performance with intelligence level among the students of high school on gender basis, and found that the relationship among intelligence of a student and academic performance of them is higher among girls.
They resulted from their research that academic performance and achievements of girls are much more superior to that boys Mishra; They said that combination of these factors effects the academic performances of students in positive manner despite the gender differences in them Haseen; In another research results showed that age and gender differences are the two important factors which affect academics of students.
But according to the analysis, they found that rather than intellectual quotient gender differences is the factor that is more important variable that affects the academic performances as girls were in higher ranking than the boys in their performances.
Results also showed that the communicating skill, requirement of attentiveness and convincing power among girls was higher than boys Suneetha et al, Anything which poses some kind of threat and challenge upon us is known as stress.
We start to think either we will be able to handle the workload or situation Nordqvist Stress is a reality which we have to face in our everyday life.
There are situations when we start to feel ourselves out of help and start to disturb emotionally and other stressors. Many people consider stress as an incident happen to them such as injury or job loss Centre Others think stress is some kind of changes which happen to our physical body, behavior and mind or over thoughts about situation.
Any situation which causes frustration can also be cause of stress. Everyone have different skill and capabilities so their style of handling the situations could also differ and it is same for stress level for each person.
It is possible stress level will be different for two persons which are facing save situations. It depends on which kind of stressors affects them both.
Stress is not an extraordinary thing it is just the part of our daily life. And even it is good for us if its amount is not too much. It can improve our motivation and also help us to improve our productivity Centre It depends on how we perceived about stress.
It depends how we react against it, it can affect us negatively as well and if we always react or respond negatively against stress it also could affect our health and happiness Robinson These are the some characteristics of positive stress: And it may cause an unpleasant feeling about the situation and it can also have an impact on our performance.
It may can decrease our performance in the same situations in which we have performed better without stress.Oct 11, · Participation in a Pathways to Pharmacy program grounded in both a theoretical and conceptual socialization model framework increased the number of underrepresented minority students in the pipeline to pharmacy schools.
Stress and Academic Achievement: Empirical Evidence of Business Students in a Ghanaian Polytechnic Spearman’s correlation coefficient was used to determine the effects of stress on students’ academic stress and its influences on academic achievement among university and college students, most of the.
Theoretical Framework on Domestic Violence Theoretical Framework Domestic Violence among Women and Children A particularly family related stress can have an impact on a student’s academic performance. College students have many obstacles to perceived stress and academic performance among students in a public institution of higher.
(Roy and Andrews, ) in explaining financial stress among college students. THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK Financial stress is a concern because of the negative health outcomes associated with increased levels of stress.
Therefore, as likelihood of reporting financial stress, it Roy Adaptation Model (RAM), see Figure 1, is a well. THE EFFECT OF ALCOHOLISM TOWARD ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE.
27 Pages. Download. THE EFFECT OF ALCOHOLISM TOWARD ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE. Uploaded by. Villegas Genevive. H.
Age offirst intoxication, heavy drinking, driving after drinking and risk of unintentional injury among U.S. College Student. Journal of studies on Alcohol 31, “Financial stress is, like many others, a significant stressor, not only among students but also working professionals.
We would expect it to have similar psychological, physical, and behavioral strains to that of many other commonly studied stressors such as workload or conflict at work, ” .