Picture of the Day China Daily, an English-language newspaper published in Beijing, recently reported that more than million Chinese are studying English. Because English is the official language of 63 countries.
Bilingual education program models[ edit ] The following are several different types of bilingual education program models: Research has shown that many of the skills learned in the native language can be transferred easily to the second language later. The goal is to help students transition to mainstream, English-only classrooms as quickly as possible, and the linguistic goal of such programs is English acquisition only.
These programs are designed to help native and non-native English speakers become bilingual and biliterate. This proportion gradually changes in the majority language until the curriculum is equally divided in both languages by 5th grade.
The two-way bilingual immersion program is based on the principle of clear curriculum separation of the two languages of instruction. The languages of instructions are alternated by theme or content area.
This type of immersion is required to develop the dual language proficiency, as social language can be mastered in couple of years, but a higher level of competency is required to read social studies texts or solve mathematics word problems, roughly around 5 to 7 years Collier, This program of instruction is intended for children who are not fully proficient in the English language.
This could be integrated into the subjects or courses of study enabling the students to grow effectively throughout the educational system.
Title VII was amended many times since its introduction. The decree became part of the America Schools Act in As of Maythere were dual immersion programs operating in elementary schools in the United States in 10 different languages Center for Applied Linguistics, Dual Language programs are less common in US schools, although research indicates they are extremely effective in helping students learn English well and aiding the long-term performance of English learners in school.
Native English speakers benefit by learning a second language. English language learners ELLs are not segregated from their peers.
Another form of Bilingual Education is a type of Dual Language program that has students study in two different ways: In this type of program, the native language classes do not teach academic subjects.
The second-language classes are content-based, rather than grammar-based, so students learn all of their academic subjects in the second language. In the United States, majority of programs are English and Spanish but new partner languages have emerged lately such as Japanese, Korean, French, Mandarin, and Arabic.
The concept of Dual Language promotes bilingualism, improved awareness of cultural diversity, and higher levels of academic achievement by means of lessons in two languages.
This education is ideal for many English learning students, but in many instances the resources for such education are not available. Myths surrounding bilingual education[ edit ] Many myths and much prejudice has grown around bilingual education.
Researchers from the UK and Poland have listed the most entrenched misconceptions: These are all harmful convictions which have long been debunked,  yet still persist among many parents. It is important to understand what constitutes the decision for sending children to a bilingual school.
The decision should be based on, appropriate age, curriculum, and the preference of the child. The Ministry of Education and Human Development has made primary education fully bilingual in Children will be taught 16 Mozambican dialects during their early years of schooling.
Mother language instruction is terminated immediately during the schooling cycle and leaves only the international language established.
It becomes a disadvantage that contributes to substantial lack of motivation on the part of teachers, students, and parents.
May Senegal[ edit ] Although bilingual schools exist, the majority of Senegalese schools teach in French and follow the French system. It includes a large number of countries, some of which are grouped into subregions.
Traditionally, the textbooks there were little different from merely a translated version of the books used in the Chinese schools throughout the country; however, as ofa move was on foot to create more teaching materials with locally based content. A law passed in February provided for the Mandarin-as-second-language classes in the ethnic-minority schools to start in the early years of elementary school whenever local conditions permit, rather than in the senior years of elementary school, as it was practiced before.
Either English or Cantonese is used as the medium of instruction for other subjects. Increasingly, there are a large number of Mandarin Chinese -speaking schools in operation throughout Hong Kong as well since Study of Mandarin is mandatory in junior years from Grade 1 to Grade 9.
Macao[ edit ] Chinese and Portuguese are the official languages of Macaubut English plays an unofficial and highly prominent role.
English is the language of instruction at the University of Macau and at some secondary schools. Other schools use Cantonese as the language of instruction. As of [update] there was one Portuguese-medium school. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. March Learn how and when to remove this template message In Japan, the need for bilingualism mostly Japanese and English has been pointed out, and there are some scholars who advocate teaching children subjects such as mathematics using English rather than Japanese.Does Bilingual Education Really Work?
Literally hundreds of scientific studies over the past half century have shown that bilingual education – when well designed and well implemented – is an effective approach for teaching second language learners.
The alternative to bilingual education, the "sink or swim" - immersion method does not work. By throwing the student in a "sink or swim" classroom he or she will come out unsuccessful.
Research has shown time and again that bilingual education does work. Bilingual education is the practice of teaching non-English-speaking children in their native language, while they are learning English. Developed in the 's, the basic idea was to teach the school subjects--math, science, social studies—in the child’s first language so the child would not fall behind his English-speaking classmates.
In other words, there is agreement regarding what the process of bilingual education is, but confusion arises when the philosophy and goals of bilingual education are discussed.
(Appendix B provides a checklist for effective bilingual programs. For Hispanics in the United States, the educational experience is one of accumulated disadvantage.
Many Hispanic students begin formalized schooling without the economic and social resources that many other students receive, and schools are often ill equipped to compensate for these initial disparities. The modern bilingual education era in the United States had its origins in the Cuban by including provisions and even providing funds to encourage and help states and localities develop and implement bilingual instruction, not just for collective bargaining and political activism, and especially through the work our members do.